What is the Truth? It lies in the middle of the earth.

The Middle of the Earth: Genesis in Egypt

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another article from my book "The Middle of the Earth: Genesis in Egypt."

Pillars in the land of Siriad: Pyramus in the land of Seiris

Understanding Josephus
“Josephus has preserved a tradition concerning two pillars that were erected in the land of Siriad. He tells us that the children of Seth were the inventors of astronomy, and in order that their inventions might not be lost, and acting “upon Adam's prediction that the world was to be destroyed at one time by the force of fire, and at another time by the violence and quantity of waters, they made two pillars, the one of brick, the other of stone; they inscribed their discoveries upon them both, that in case the pillar of brick should be destroyed by the flood,  the pillar of stone might remain and exhibit those discoveries to mankind, and also inform them that there was another pillar of brick erected by them: Now this remains in the Land of Siriad to this day” . (Ant. B., i, ch. 2.) Plato likewise speaks of these two columns in the opening of Timaeus The place where the two pillars, or one of them, traditionally stood was in the land of Siriad. Where that is no mortal knows, but Seri in Egyptian is a name for the south. Seri is also the mount that is figured as the two-fold rock which is equivalent to the pillars of the two horizons, south and north,  Siriad, then, we take to be the land of the south where the pillar “remains to this day.”  According to John Greaves, the old Oxford astronomer, “these pillars of Seth were in the very same place where Manetho placed the pillars of Taht (Thoth), called Seiread” (English Weights and Measures). There was an Egyptian tradition which connected Sut, the inventor of astronomy, with Annu, as the original founder of the pillar, which makes him the primary establisher of the pole. As an astronomical character Sut was earlier than Shu. The Arabs also have a tradition that one of the pyramids was the burial-place of Sut. The pillar of brick, being less permanent, went down as predicted in the deluge as a figure of the southern pole, whereas the pillar of stone remained for ever as an image of the north celestial pole, or of Annu, the site of the pillar, in the astronomical mythology. It is reported by Diodorus that Annu (Heliopolis in the solar mythos) was accounted by its inhabitants to be the oldest city in Egypt.” (Gerald Massey Ancient Egypt, The Light Of The World, 1907: Book 5, The Signlanguage Of Astronomical Mythology). I strongly disagree with Gerald Massey's conclusion but his diligent efforts  made it possible to dig deep into the Ancient Egyptian beliefs.

 
William Whiston translated Josephus’ Volume I into English. A query in the footnote on page 49 identifies a critical mistake. When translating the document into English, Whiston selected an earlier Latin translation. However, Josephus’ entire works were originally written in Greek. With such a limited language as Latin, the nearest word to describe this self standing shape is Columna, meaning ‘Column’ or ‘Pillar’. In Josephus’ Greek original, it is suggested he used instead of στύλος meaning ‘pillar’, he wrote πυραμος meaning ‘pyramus’ a ‘self standing pillar of fire and knowledge’. This is idea is seen in the statement by Isaiah concerning this same edifice he proclaimed: “In that day there shall be an altar to the lord, in the midst of the land of Egypt, and a pillar at the border thereof to the Lord. And it shall be for a sign and for a witness unto the Lord of Hosts in the land of Egypt;” (Isaiah 19:19,20)
 The root-word for pillar used in this statement is the Hebrew מַצֵבָה ‘matstseba’ which means a thing set up, a standing pillar. This is far different to the Hebrew root-word ﬠמּוּה ‘ammud’ which simply means column. An interesting addition to this is found in the ancient Coptic records of Masoudi in the Arabic manuscript of the Akbar-Ezzeman, at Oxford, which relates “Surid (Seth),one of the kings of Egypt before the flood, built two great pyramids.”In the account the Great Pyramid is referred to as “the Eastern Pyramid.” “…In the Eastern Pyramid (the Great Pyramid) were inscribed the heavenly spheres and figures representing the stars and planets…”
The manuscript of Makrizi gives a similar account stating “the first (the Great) Pyramid was especially dedicated to history and astronomy; the second (Pyramid) to medical knowledge.”
Many more accounts giving testimony in this way are extant today. However, whatever their validity, one thing is now certain. The ‘Pillar’ or ‘Pyramus’ erected by Seth and the antediluvians in the land of Siriad (Egypt) as stated by Josephus, and still standing today for all to see, is none other than the ‘Great Pyramid’!(the paragraphs above written by Alexander Winslow, Squires Publishing)

 
  The term pyramid is derived from the Greek words pyra meaning fire, light, or visible, and the word midos meaning measures. It is also translated to mean fire in the centre. This word perhaps denotes the great hidden power. It should also be noted the word Siriad was misinterpreted as well. Once again Whiston chose a mistranslated word Siriad from the Latin. Many scholars use the word Seiris, or Seirius, the original Greek idiom.The Greek expression was Seiris (Seirius), used to describe the Egyptian star Sopdet or Sothis. Seiris means “Brilliant” or “Blazing” and it is the most brilliant star in the sky. The Egyptian star was the symbol of Isis, who is inseparable from Osiris.The star is eternally linked with its neighbouring constellation and the symbolism reveals the heart of its original meaning. Did Josephus know Seiris was a symbol of Eve? Did he know Osiris is Adam? This word morphed into its known form today Sirius, the helical rising star.  Manetho, cited by George Syncellus, used the word Seireadic when describing the “Pillars (Monuments) of Thoth”, which is equivalent to the “Pillars (Pyramus) of Seth.” It does confirm Whiston did misspell the word. This word is also pivotal in understanding Josephus’ record. Considering these corrections, Josephus said “The pyramus of Seth in the land of Seiris.” Josephus is telling us the children of Seth, the Patriarch, built two pyramids in Egypt, the land of the star Seiris. However, there is another part to the story, the land of Seir, which I explain later in this chapter.
I believe the first pyramus of brick was the original temple of Atum at Annu (Heliopolis, On). Josephus tells us the builders realized it would not stand against the flood, and built another one of stone. The pyramus of stone became the temple of Atum. The first pyramus was destroyed as predicted and Egyptians used its material and original foundation. It could be the foundation of the Great Sun Temple at Annu. In recent excavations they discovered large mud brick foundations which are supposedly many temples or one large temple. Although the pyramus of brick was destroyed Josephus warns us not to forget it. Why? Is the position of the brick pyramid essential to the position of the stone pyramid? Does their alignment reveal a significant piece of the puzzle? The second pyramus of stone is the Great Pyramid on the Giza Plateau, approximately 12 miles south east of Annu. It is directly in line with the right angle of the Great Pyramid and the pyramids were visible from Annu. Its capstone was the ancient BenBen stone declared in the Pyramid Text and was placed at the Sun Temple in Annu, later becoming an idol of worship. The ancient city of Annu meant place of the pillar. The word pillar became synonymous with the Great Pyramid. There is no doubt the Egyptians worshiped the BenBen stone at Annu. The BenBen stone is the capstone of the Great Pyramid. It is estimated as being 30 feet in height and length. The stories of the BenBen stone also suggest it was never placed on the Great Pyramid. The Nebseni papyrus says the Ark of Earth, The Great Pyramid, was 300 cubits in height. This is the exact height of the Great Pyramid without the capstone. If the capstone was placed then geometry tells us the pyramid would be 480 feet in height, 30 feet higher than described in the papyrus. The capstone was never placed. Is the BenBen capstone a reason why Josephus reminds us not to forget about the first pyramus of brick? Perhaps this is the link to the Great Pyramid, the second pyramus of stone. Is it telling us the first pyramus was in Annu? Perhaps the stone was placed on the first pyramus. Using Google earth you can draw a line through the right angle of the Great Pyramid, and the second pyramid, and this line travels North East to the center of Annu. I truly believe this was the place of the first brick pyramus, the foundation of the Sun Temple.

 Some believe the Giza plateau is not only the center of land masses but was built by Enoch, Shem, or Melchizedek as was the city of On (Annu). The local traditional name for the Great Pyramid is the "Pillar of Enoch." There is no doubt the modern Egyptians were referring to the Great Pyramid as a “Pillar.” The same word is used for an “Obelisk” Annu was the place of the pillar, the Great House, known for its stone obelisks (pillars). It is discernible the ancient Annu (On, also spelled Aun) had an irrefutable bond with the Giza Plateau. It was the first Jerusalem, the spiritual center of the world. It is directly in line and is an integral part of the Osiris constellation. Was this alignment the reason we are told to remember the pyramid of brick? Is Annu the star in the upper left of the constellation? Comparing a Google earth map and the constellation reveals it very well could be. Or is there some other significance?  Robert Bauval connected the three pyramids of the Giza Plateau and the belt of the Osiris constellation. Osiris was later called Orion by the Greeks, and became the commonly used word.  I prefer to use its Egyptian name Osiris. Once again, it’s paramount to remember Osiris as the spirit of Atum, waiting for his resurrection. The next time you look at the Osiris constellation consider this thought. I am suggesting it is a representation of Atum (Adam). It’s the constellation of Adam. To the left of the constellation is the star Sirius (Seiris). The Egyptians called it Sopdet, it symbolized Isis (Eve). In 10500 BC the star passage of the queen’s chamber in the Great Pyramid was aligned with Sothis as was the star passage in the King’s chamber aligned with Osiris. So when you observe the star and the constellation together you are looking at Adam and Eve.

Who built it?
 
It would appear the supposed architect (Khufu) for the Great Pyramid was not even an Egyptian. His name spelled in Egyptian is Khufu, Khuum-khuf. The Greeks called him Cheops. Most Egyptologists considered him as the architect and it is based upon suspicious evidence, but there are other legitimate theories. Khnum, the first part of Khufu’s name, was represented as the Creator God whose cult center was at Aswan along the Nile River. But according to the third-century Egyptian historian Manetho, citied by Eusebius, Khufu was 'of a different race'. Manetho refers to him as Suphis and says:  “Of these 4th dynasty kings the third was Suphis, the builder ot the Great Pyramid, which Herodotus says was built by Cheops. Suphis conceived a contempt for the gods, but repenting of this, he composed the Sacred Book, which the Egyptians held in high esteem" (Aegyptiaca Manetho, by Eusibius The Egyptian Chronicles). Is it possible Manetho is implying The Great Pyramid is the sacred book? This would explain the idea that Khufu’s sacred book was held in high esteem by the Egyptian people. Whoever Suphis is, Manetho is way off on the timeline. The inventory Stele says the Pyramid was already there before Khufu, he was responsible for restoring it.

 The famous fifth-century Greek historian Herodotus states the builders of the Great Pyramid were shepherds.
The following is the infamous conversation of Herodotus and Manetho. “In the course of his questioning he (Herodotus) encountered one Manetho, an Egyptian High Priest, scholar and Historian, with whom he conversed at length thru the agency of an interpreter. Manetho informed his distinguished guest that the architect of the huge mass of stone was one "Philition", or "Suphis", of a people known as the "Hyksos", that is "Shepherd Kings". According to Manetho, the Shepherd Kings were "a people of ignoble race" who came from some unknown land in the East; they were a nomadic band who numbered not less than 280,000 souls; they brought with them their families and all mobile possessions, including vast flocks of sheep and herds of cattle; and they "had the confidence to invade Egypt, and subdued it without a battle". this same people, said Manetho, overthrew the then-reigning Dynasty, stamped out idolatry and endeavoured to firmly establish in the place thereof the worship of the One true God having completed the Great pyramid, migrated eastward into the land afterwards known as Judea and founded there the city of Salem, which later became Jerusalem, the Holy city.” (Herodotus 12) 

 Although Manetho is a proud Egyptian, he still stated the pyramids were built by foreigners. I believe Manetho was attributing the work of the original Shepherd kings to the faithful followers who were now shepherd captives, the descendants of Shem. Were these shepherd captives the Israelites of the Exodus, the twelve tribes of Jacob? Egyptologists claim the book of Manetho was later altered by Jewish scribes, who were discontent with Manetho’s demeaning characterization of the Jewish people. The priest of Annu who changed his name to Moses was a fabrication. This idea allows them to dismiss this record as corroborating the Bible. There is no doubt Manetho and Herodotus are wrong on the timeline of the Great Pyramid. I am convinced it was built in the Antediluvian world, long before the Egyptians existed. It was built by the children of Seth, a line of Shepherd Kings of the master order. Shem was the last of these kings. There are more details on the original Shepherd Kings in the last chapter.

 There were artifacts (jars) discovered near the Great Pyramid dating to the Pre-dynastic periods. In 1970 Karl Kromer also found pre-dynastic artifacts on the south side of the Great Pyramid. These finds can’t be ignored and suggest the Giza Plateau complex is much earlier than Khufu’s reign during the fourth dynasty. But Egyptology still maintains Khufu and his sons were the builders.

 The following is an unexpected statement, from Joseph Seiss, in support of the shepherd builders. “Wilford, in his Asiatic researches, vol. iii, p.225, give an extract from the Hindoo records which seem to support certain factors of Manetho's idea that they were of  'Arabian' origin. The extract  says that one Tamo-vasta, a child of prayer, wise and devout, prayed for certain successes, and that God granted his requests, and that he came to Egypt with a chosen company, entered it "without any declaration of war, and began to administer justice among the people, to give them a specimen of a good king". This Tamo-vasta is represented in the account as a good king of the powerful people called the Pali. Shepherds, who in ancient times governed the whole country from the Indus to the mouth of the Ganges, and spread themselves, mainly by colonization and commerce, very far through Asia, Africa and Europe. They colonised the coasts of the Persian Gulf and the Sea-Coasts of Arabia, Palestine, and Africa, and ere the long-haired people called the Berbers in North Africa. They are likewise called Palestinae, which name has close affinity with the Philition of Herodotus. These Pali of the Hindoo records are plainly identical with some of the Joktanic peoples.” (A Miracle in Stone, Joseph A. Seiss, 1877).

 Seiss’s conclusions are passionately debated. He was a pyramidologist and firmly believed in the Bible. He concluded the Egyptians did not build the pyramid, but some other obscure race of Philistines, led by the Biblical Melchizedek. He believed the Great Pyramid encoded advanced knowledge of the physical universe, and the course of human history and dated it to the end of the ice age. I disagree with him on some points, but his theories parallel my own discoveries.

 Khufu was not a polytheist, for Herodotus records that he closed the temples and prohibited the Egyptians from offering sacrifices. The deity whom Khufu served was named 'Amen' in the ancient Egyptian spelling." I agree with those who believe Khufu inherited the Great Pyramid. According to the Westcar Papyrus, in the British Museum, he didn’t know anything about the insides of the Great Pyramid.
According to Egyptian records Khufu has another name -- Saaru of Shaaru (Petrie's "History of Egypt", vol. I, p. 37). Shaaru is another designation for the inhabitants of the region of Mount Seir (Rawlinson's "History of Egypt", ch. 22). Khufu’s domain extended from Mount Seir to Lower Egypt.

Manetho places ownership of these pillars to Thoth (Enoch). Thus the local Egyptian legend was born naming the Great Pyramid as “The pillar of Enoch.”

 Was Enoch's son, Methuselah,  the engineer of the Giza Plateau and the Pyramus of Seth in the land of Seir (Seth)? We see in Josephus' comments one of the original intents of Seth. It did not take long for the names and stories of Ancient Egypt to change and take on different forms. Atum-Ra was a depiction of God in Adam. When the capital was moved to Memphis the emphasis became Path (Ra/Creator). He later became Amun and Amun-Ra at Thebes.  Akhenaten, the radical Pharaoh, changed it to Aten which is one of the original spellings of Atum. It is my theory Akhenaten had some kind of encounter with the Creator and focused all worship in Egypt on Him. Each new Pharaoh and his Priest had free reigns to interpret the names and worship within their understanding. The layers of confusion were adding up.

 Is Siriad (Seiris) connected with Seir? Manetho (pillars of Thoth) spelled Siriad as Seiread. The root word for both Seiris and Seiread is Seir. Was Josephus referring to the original land of Seir which extended to Egypt? Notice the spelling. Most scholars explain Josephus’ land of Seiris as the land where they studied the star Sirius, called Sopdet by the Egyptians, and Seiris by the Greeks. It is note worthy to realize the Greeks attached a feminine gender to the Seirus (Seiris) legends. Egyptians associated Isis with the star. This is only part of the story. It is not only a reference to the star but also the land of Seir and included part of Egypt. Some scholars interpret Josephus’ word as seiris not siriad. It is once again a misinterpretation of the original Greek word to Latin. It brings the stories into perspective; Isis (Eve) came from Osiris (Adam/Seth) and completes Seir (Seth) as Seiris.  The duality of Atum (Adam) is profoundly placed at the heart of this land of Seir. I previously explained the duality represents Osiris (spirit of Adam)and Isis (Eve). G. A. G Stroumsa in his book “Another Seed: Studies in Gnostic Mythology says:

    “This chapter begins by examining the Gnostic texts for evidence of the land of Seiris, which Josephus associates with the dwelling place of the Sethites and the presence of the tablets  of knowledge.   Later  Syriac Christian traditions concerning the Land of Shir and the Mount of  Victories (Chronicle of Zuqnin; Ps-Chrysostom)  This also occurs in Marcion, Manicaeanism.  This place is reached with the help of an illuminator or through attainment of Gnosis, and they would live there with angels of the great light.  It was a land of truth where the Holy Spirit dwelt, and the place the illuminator comes from.   This place of salvation or promised land retains some temporal reality from its Jewish heritage, in that Gnostics in some sense belong there  already.”

 Stoumsa connects Seir (seiris) with the children of Seth (Num. 24:17-18). The Gnostics also believe the Sethian tablets (written by Enoch) are hidden on Mount Seir. There is one myth which says the land of Seir extended from the mount of Noah to Bethshemesh (Annu) Egypt. If this were true then all the land from Noah’s mountain (Ararat/Turkey) to the Giza Plateau would be considered as the land of Seir; we  know Seir in equated with Seth, so the land of Seir is the land of Seth. Could Mount Seir be related to the Great Pyramid, the Great White Mountain? Or perhaps Mount Seir is Mount Ararat as the Gnostics suggest. Is Annu the city of peace (Salem) built for Melchizedek? (Genesis 14:17-24) (Heb. 7:1). The locations of Ain Shems (Annu) and Bethshemesh can cause confusion. Both are in Israel and Egypt. In Israel there are two locations for Bethshemesh. This is one of the reasons the land of Seir took on different meanings.

 Mount. Seir was famous in history as the "Land of Uz"  Uz was a descendant of Seir the Horite (Gen. 36:28). Egypt Expert Ralph Ellis found evidence supporting the idea the Giza Plateau and its three great pyramids were perpetually protected by a special guard known as the Horites. He also maintains one of the ancient names for Great Pyramid was Seir, a word appears to connote the West (see Sera, Asur, Aser, Osiris, Abu Sir, and Syria, etc).

 The land of Seir took on different meanings through the eras. I believe the original land of Seir extends from Abu Seir in Saqqara to the Giza plateau and possibly further north, extending east to the mountains of Seir west of Arabah and north through the land of Moab. It is  possible it could reach all the way to Mount Ararat. If you draw a line through the right angle of the Great Pyramid and follow it north, it dissects the ancient city of Annu and travels to the base of Mount Ararat. Is this another coincidence? Try using Google Earth and you will see it is true. The land of the children of Seth was also known as Seir (Num. 24:17-18). The land of Seir was consistently downsized from generation to generation. It became the land of Edom (Esau) and was downsized to the kingdom of Edom excluding the land of Moab.  G. A. G Stroumsa in his book “Another Seed: Studies in Gnostic Mythology” says:

a star shall come forth out of Jacob    (Numbers 24:17)
and a scepter shall rise out of Israel;
it shall crush the forehead of Moab
and break down all the sons of Seth
Edom shall be dispossessed
Seir also, his enemies, shall be dispossessed
while Israel does valiantly.

 According to the rules of symmetry of Hebrew poetry, “all the sons of Seth” must be read in parallel to both Moab and Seir. Since the redactor of Numbers had related the “sons of Seth” to the peoples who lived in Moab, Edom, or Seir, i.e., in Transjordan, it can be assumed that later traditions associated them even more specifically with the land of Seir. It stands to reason, therefore, that when Josephus spoke of Seiris as the land of Sethites, he referred to the traditions stemming from Num. 24:17-18, which associated the nation of the “sons of Seth” with Seir. (Sacred Geometry page 119, G.A.G. Stroumsa)

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